Animals / Rodents

The Roborovski Hamster

Синонимы и названия на других языках

The Desert Hamster, the Robo

Классификация

Order:  rodentia

Family: cricetidae

Subfamily: cricetinae

Genus: phodopus

Species: Phodopus Roborovskii

Ареал

Roborovski hamsters can be found in Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan and some Russian regions (Tuva, Buryatia etc.). They usually live in the areas of loose sand and sparse vegetation. Sometimes they are seen at heights up to 1200 m. They dig burrows with steep tunnels. 

Внешний вид

It is the smallest species of all hamsters normally kept as pets, they are around 5-6 cm long. Unlike many other species, they don’t have a dorsal stripe. Their coat is light brown on the back and white on the belly. Their specific feature is white “eyebrows”. 

Характер

These hamsters are very curious, usually timid and skittish. They are also very active. It can be difficult to tame the Roborovski hamster. All changes in the environment or husbandry stress the animal a lot and the stress can continue for several weeks. 

Содержание и уход

In the wild this species lives in semi-deserts and dig sand a lot. So it is recommended to put quartz sand on the bottom of the cage. Put in the corners of the cage bowls filled with sand for chinchillas, it has high absorbency and is more suitable to be used as toilet. For shelters they can use apple trees’ bark. Avoid high humidity in the cage and take away uneaten vegetables and fruit as often as possible in order to prevent mold.  

Кормление

In the wild these hamsters eat grains, small insects and various plants. They stock seeds and grains for winter. Like other species, the Roborovski hamster store food in their cheek pouches.

Hamsters can be fed with commercial dry mixes. You should add to their menu boiled eggs, cooked lean chicken for protein, fresh vegetables and fruit (e.g. carrots, bell pepper, lettuce, spinach, apples).  Hamsters are prone to diabetes so never give it sweet, salty or spicy food. Citrus and exotic fruit, cabbage and almonds are bad for hamsters too.  

You should put in the cage special mineral blocks for rodents in order for your hamster to grind their teeth. Fresh clean water has to be available for your pet at all times.

Особенности

The Campbell’s dwarf hamster is prone to overeating. They often suffer from allergic reactions to citrus fruit and some other people food. It is a nocturnal species. 

Болезни

The most common diseases of the Campbell’s dwarf hamster are cystitis, enteritis, rectocele, injuries of cheek pouches, rachitis, itch, digestive system disorders, respiratory diseases, tapeworms.

Campbell’s dwarf hamsters are prone to diabetes, so you should never give them food that contains sugar, including carrots and treats. On average they drink little; if you see your hamster drinking a lot of water, you should visit the vet as soon as possible, since all processes in a hamster go very quickly.

Average lifespan is 3 – 3.5 years.

Разведение
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