Animals / Rodents

The Swiss Fox Rabbit

Синонимы и названия на других языках

Dwarf Fox Rabbit, Nain Renard, Fuchszwerge, Zwerg fuchs kaninchen

Классификация

Order: lagomorpha

Family: leporidae

Genus: oryctolagus

Species:  orictolagus cuniculus 

Ареал

This species originated in Switzerland in the beginning of the 20th century. At first it was most common in the country of origin and in Germany, where they were appreciated due to their excellent coat but later the breed almost died out. Many years later it was restored in Austria, where it was officially registered in 1992. The recovery of the breed occurred due to the necessity to obtain long coat (5-6 cm long) similar to the fox fur.  For breeding the genes of Angora rabbit were used, and the new species got the name of dwarf fox. These rabbits arrived in Russia from Poland and soon they became popular in Moscow and St. Petersburg.  But despite growing popularity this breed is still fairly rare.

Внешний вид

These animals are heavily built and muscular, the neck is almost invisible. Their bodies are compact and cylinder shaped.  The chest and shoulders are wide. The backside of the rabbit is rounded and wide too. The front legs are short. The head is quite small.  The ideal head width is considered to be 55 mm for males at eye level and 50 mm for females. Its ears are vertical and short, rounded at their tips. The rabbit’s eyes are big and bright. Their color depends on the animal’s coat color.  Claws can be white or colored.  

These rabbits have soft, thick and long coat with a lot of protective hair. The coat is the thickest at the rabbit’s chest and belly. The common color morphs are white, black, Havana brown, chinchilla, silver, yellow etc. White and Havana brown rabbits are considered to be the most valuable ones. Adult rabbits weigh within the range between 800 and 1500 gr. 

Характер

Swiss fox rabbits make great pets. Apart from their cute appearance, they are very friendly, docile, playful and gentle animals that are easy to keep. 

Содержание и уход

This is a purely decorative breed, so you will need to organize a comfortable home for your rabbit. You will need a spacious cage so that your pet has plenty of room to move around. The cage should be at least 40x30x60 cm in size. It is essential that the cage is located away from draughts, direct sunlight and heating equipment.

Rabbits are very playful critters, so you will have to let them roam around in your house regularly but prior to that you should make your dwelling “rabbit proof” – remove all objects that can injure the small animal. But even so, the rabbit has to be carefully observed all the time when it is out of cage. Swiss fox rabbits have quite long coat, so you will need to brush them regularly. Besides, you will have to control the condition of the rabbit's eyes, ears and teeth, and cut its claws once a month. 

Кормление

You should feed Swiss fox rabbit with hay, grain and juicy vegetables. All this food should be high quality. In order to grind down the rabbit’s teeth you should give it fruit tree branches and  mineral blocks.

Особенности
Болезни

Swiss fox rabbits, like all animals, occasionally get ill. They are quite fragile, so, like always, prevention is best treatment. The most common diseases are myxomatosis and Rabbit Viral Hemorrhagic Disease. Rabbits can be vaccinated against these diseases in most vet clinics.

A healthy rabbit is active and playful, it has glossy coat and good appetite. The temperature of a healthy rabbit is 38,5-39,5 degrees and the heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute. The feces is black and brown and bean-like. If you suspect that your rabbit is ill, you should take him to the vet as soon as possible.

Разведение
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