Animals / Reptiles

Brown anole

Синонимы и названия на других языках

Brown anole, Bahaman anole, De la Sagra's Anole

Bahamaanolis (German)

Классификация

Order: squamata

Family: polychrotidae

Genus: anolis

Species: Anolis sagrei.

Ареал

Brown anoles can be found throughout Central and Southern America. It also dwells in Mexico, on Yucatan peninsula.

It has been introduced in the USA and since then it can be found in the southern states, such as Florida, Georgia, Texas, Louisiana. They are semi-arboreal, live in the woodland and shrubs, and seldom get down on the ground. Brown anoles prefer sitting high above the ground on a branch, so it is best to provide for him similar conditions in the captivity.

Внешний вид

Brown anoles are quite small lizards. Males are larger than females, they can grow around 20 cm long, whereas females don’t get longer than 15 cm.

The anole’s head is elongate and somewhat flattened on the sides. The body is flattened, the tail is very long and thin, the fingers are long, with prehensile claws.

They are quite dark species, with dark brown to light grey coloration. Females are generally lighter than males. Brown anoles can change color - they get darker when stressed or cold.  Males’ gular sac can have varied coloration: from olive and yellow to bright orange or reddish.  

Характер

Brown anoles are agile lizards that are very interesting to watch. It is not recommended to handle anoles since it stresses them out.  If you treat them gently they get used to seeing people and don’t run away when you come close to their tank. They don’t tend to destroy plants so you can set a nice enclosure for them.

The brown anole is active during the daytime.

 

Содержание и уход

The brown anole needs a vertical enclosure. The minimal required size for two anoles is 50 liters. These lizards are quite easy to keep, but you shouldn’t keep together two males, since they can show aggression to each other. Anoles can be housed together with small frogs such as tree frogs.  

Potting soil would be ideal substrate for the brown anole. You can have live plants in the enclosure such as fern, orchids, spiderwort, violets. The plants will help to maintain the necessary level of humidity and provide hiding places for the lizards. Your anoles will also need branches. Grapevine is ideal for this role. Also they need a large water bowl with clean fresh water. The substrate can be covered with moss or dry leaves. The owner should spray the plants daily, since the anoles prefer to drink water from the plants.

The ideal temperature for the brown anole is around 24-26°C, and about  30°C at the basking spot. The lamp should not be too close to a branch so that the lizard doesn’t get burnt. At night the temperature should be about 20°C.

The brown anole needs the level of humidity within the range of 60 - 70%.

Your lizards need 12 hours of daylight per day. They need the use of 5% UV light.

Кормление

The main food for the brown anole are various insects: cockroaches, crickets, grasshoppers, mealworms. The insects shouldn’t be too big. The anole’s menu has to be varied. In summer you can trying catching small insects in the field: grasshoppers and locusts will do great. Vitamins and mineral supplements are a must.  

Anoles should be given lots of food until they start leaving it uneaten. They eat only live food.

Особенности

The brown anole is a low-maintenance lizard which is suitable for a beginner.

It doesn’t require a large enclosure.

The anoles get used to people and can be hand-fed.

They require live food.

Anoles can discard their tails in case of danger and can even bite.

Болезни

The lack of calcium and UV light at an early age can result in rachitis. The anole gets lethargic, its bones are distorted. The disease can be prevented by timely adding of calcium in the lizard’s menu and by UV light in the enclosure.  

If the level of humidity in the enclosure is not high enough, the anoles can keep some shed skin and this can lead to serious health problems. The molted skin has to be removed with the help of tweezers, but you have to wet it properly first. The prevention is to maintain the appropriate level of humidity in the enclosure.

 

Разведение

Mating season usually starts after the hibernation period: you should gradually decrease the temperature in the enclosure to 20 degrees and the amount of hours of daylight to 10 hours. During this time the lizards get fed rarely. After one month the temperature and the number of hours of daylight should be gradually increased and you should give the lizard a lot of food.  Also you have to mist the enclosure more often that usually in order to increase the humidity and imitate the rain season. Then males start courting females and after mating a female lays 1-2 eggs into the substrate. The hatchlings should be fed with small insects, for example cricket larva and drosophila.

Average lifespan of brown anoles in the captivity in 5 to 8 years.

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