Göttinger or Goettingen Minipig (en.)
Геттингенский мини-пиг (ру.)
The Göttingen Minipig was the first minipig breed to be developed in Europe. It was available to the German biomedical research community from the late 1960s. Breeding began by crossing the Minnesota minipig, obtained from the Hormel Institute in the United States, and the Vietnamese potbelly pig, obtained from a German zoo. Subsequent cross breeding with the German Landrace produced the white or pink skin pigmentation which characterizes modern Göttingen Minipigs. Breeding goals included a low body weight, good ear veins, and low in-breeding coefficients.
Today the Göttingen Minipig is bred at four separate locations globally and is used in life-saving biomedical research all over the world
Weight: 30-70 kg
Snout: short, squared off
Legs: tiny, short
Body is "box like"
Most piglets, other than color, look alike as babies
Like all pigs, minipigs are social animals. Both in the wild and in the laboratory, pigs will develop a complex social hierarchy. This hierarchy centres on food and begins at birth with the teat order. New groups will have to establish a hierarchy upon being introduced, which can involve displays of aggressive or sexual behaviour. Usually groups stabilize within 24 to 28 hours after being introduced. When possible, minipigs are housed in groups in the laboratory. It is important that each minipig has visual, audial, and olfactory contact with other pigs. In the wild, the pig is an animal of prey and until trust has been established, pigs may seem cautious of caretakers. Pigs are very curious of their surroundings, and a variety of toys and enrichment devices are used with laboratory pigs to encourage their sense of play and their desire to explore and learn.