Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation
It was around 1960 that people in England had the idea to breed a Siamese which would be completely white. Because of the blue eyes and white cats combination, a solution had to be found to prevent deafness of the kittens. They decided to use the blue eyes from the siamese and Pat Turner, a famous cat geneticist developed a breeding programm. In 1962 she started to mate a white British shorthair cat to a Siamese with the darkest blue eyes, the seal-point. Out of this programm the modern foreign white cat was developed, which is today accepted by all breeding associations.
After the Balinese breed was recognized as a breed in the early seventies, breeders also started to breed white Balinese out of white Variant Siamese. However, although white Balinese are extremely attractive and always an "eye-catcher", the breed is still rare.
The ideal Oriental is a svelte cat with long, tapering lines, very lithe but muscular. Excellent physical condition. Eyes clear. Strong and lithe, neither bony nor flabby. Not fat. Because of the longer coat the Longhair Division appears to have softer lines and less extreme type than the Shorthair Division.
Head: long tapering wedge, in good proportion to body. The total wedge starts at the nose and flares out in straight lines to the tips of the ears forming a triangle, with no break at the whiskers. No less than the width of an eye between the eyes. When the whiskers (and face hair for the Longhair Division) are smoothed back, the underlying bone structure is apparent. Allowance must be made for jowls in the stud cat.
Skull: flat. In profile, a long straight line is seen from the top of the head to the tip of the nose. No bulge over eyes. No dip in nose.
Nose: long and straight. A continuation of the forehead with no break.
Muzzle: fine, wedge-shaped.
Chin and jaw: medium size. Tip of chin lines up with tip of nose in the same vertical plane. Neither receding nor excessively massive.
Ears: strikingly large, pointed, wide at the base, continuing the lines of the wedge.
Eyes: almond shaped, medium size. Neither protruding nor recessed. Slanted towards the nose in harmony with lines of wedge and ears. Uncrossed.
Body: long and svelte. A distinctive combination of fine bones and firm muscles. Shoulders and hips continue the same sleek lines of tubular body. Hips never wider than shoulders. Abdomen tight. Males may be somewhat larger than females.
Neck: long and slender.
Legs: long and slim. Hind legs higher than front. In good proportion to body.
Paws: dainty, small, and oval. Toes: five in front and four behind.
Tail: long, thin at the base, and tapered to a fine point. Longhair Division: tail hair spreads out like a plume.
Coat: short, fine textured, glossy or satinlike, lying close to body.
Colour: pure, glistening white. Nose leather and paw pads: pink.
Weight — 4-6 kg.
The Siamese and the Oriental might differ in color, but beneath the skin they are identical. The Oriental is talkative and opinionated. He will tell you exactly what he thinks, in a loud, raspy voice, and he expects you to pay attention and act on his advice. Orientals are extremely fond of their people. They like to be “helpful” and will follow you around and supervise your every move. When you are sitting down, an Oriental will be in your lap, and at night he will be in bed with you, probably under the covers with his head on the pillow.
Do not get an Oriental if living with a chatty busybody would drive you insane. On the other hand, if you enjoy having someone to talk to throughout the day, an Oriental can be your best friend. Just be sure you have time to spend with this demanding and social cat. Orientals do not like being left alone for long periods, and if you work during the day it can be smart to get two of them so they can keep each other company.
The Oriental is highly intelligent, agile and athletic, and loves to play. Keep his busy brain active with puzzle toys and his body exercised with teaser toys that he can chase and a big cat tree he can climb. He is fully capable of opening doors and drawers or rifling through your purse in search of something interesting or shiny to play with. Never leave him without any form of entertainment, or you will likely come home to find that he has reprogrammed your DVR to record only nature shows or at the very least decided that your toilet paper rolls and tissue boxes look better empty.
Choose an Oriental if you look forward to spending time with and interacting with your cat. This is a loyal and loving feline who will pout and pine if given little or no attention. In the right home, however, he thrives for years.
The Oriental is very easy to groom.
Lifespan — 10-20 years.
The Oriental is highly intelligent, agile and athletic, and loves to play.
The Oriental is very easy to groom.
Orientals do not like being left alone for long periods.
Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. The same problems that may affect the Siamese can also affect the Oriental, including the following:
Amyloidosis, a disease that occurs when a type of protein called amyloid is deposited in body organs, primarily the liver in members of the Siamese family
Congenital heart defects such as aortic stenosis
Gastrointestinal conditions such as megaesophagus
Hyperesthesia syndrome, a neurological problem that can cause cats to excessively groom themselves, leading to hair loss, and to act frantically, especially when they are touched or petted
Nystagmus, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary rapid eye movement
Progressive retinal atrophy, for which a genetic test is available