Animals / Cats

Persian Chinchilla

Классификация по федерациям

Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation

История возникновения

The Chinchilla Persian first appeared 100 years ago, at a British cat show, with the champion Silver Lambkin, who was a cross between a black smoke and a silver tabby Persians. His color got so much success that today Chinchillas and shaded Persians are shown under separate Persians categories. In United Kingdom, the Chinchilla is a separate breed. In Europe, the Chinchilla has the characteristics of a separate breed : other colors of Persians usually are peke-faced, but Chinchillas usually display the old, doll-faced type of Persian. It is the most appreciated variety of Persian, and its price can be extremely high for top show cats.

Общий вид

The ideal Persian should present an impression of a heavily boned, well-balanced cat with a sweet expression and soft, round lines. The large round eyes set wide apart in a large round head contribute to the overall look and expression. The long thick coat softens the lines of the cat and accentuates the roundness in appearance.

Голова

Head: round and massive, with great breadth of skull. Round face with round underlying bone structure. Well set on a short, thick neck. Skull structure to be smooth and round to the touch and not unduly exaggerated from where the forehead begins at the top of the break to the back of the head, as well as across the breadth between the ears. When viewed in profile, the prominence of the eyes is apparent and the forehead, nose, and chin appear to be in vertical alignment.

Nose: short, snub, and broad, with “break” centered between the eyes.

Cheeks: full. Muzzle not overly pronounced, smoothing nicely into the cheeks.

Jaws: broad and powerful.

Chin: full, well-developed, and firmly rounded, reflecting a proper bite.

Ears: small, round tipped, tilted forward, and not unduly open at the base. Set far apart, and low on the head, fitting into (without distorting) the rounded contour of the head.

Eyes: brilliant in color, large, round, and full. Set level and far apart, giving a sweet expression to the face.

Туловище

Body: of cobby type, low on the legs, broad and deep through the chest, equally massive across the shoulders and rump, with a wellrounded mid-section and level back. Good muscle tone with no evidence of obesity. Large or medium in size. Quality the determining consideration rather than size.

Лапы

Legs: short, thick, and strong. Forelegs straight. Hind legs are straight when viewed from behind.

Paws: large, round, and firm. Toes carried close, five in front and four behind .

Хвост

Tail: short, but in proportion to body length. Carried without a curve and at an angle lower than the back.

Шерсть

Coat: long and thick, standing off from the body. Of fine texture, glossy and full of life. Long all over the body, including the shoulders. The ruff immense and continuing in a deep frill between the front legs. Ear and toe tufts long. Brush very full.

Chinchilla Silver:

The standard states that the coat should look like sparkling silver.
The undercoat is pure white.
The fur on the back, flanks, head and tail are tipped in black.
The legs may also have some slight tipping.
The ear tufts, chin, chest and tummy should be pure white.
The nose is brick red.
The paw pads are black.
The eye rims, nose and lips are outlined in black.

Blue Chinchilla Silver:

These cats are similar to the silver chinchilla, with the following exceptions.
The fur is tipped in blue instead of black.
The nose is rose-colored.
The eye rims, nose and lips are outlined in blue.
The paw pads are either blue or rose.

Chinchilla Golden:

The undercoat of the golden chinchilla is described as ranging from pale honey to apricot.
Like the chinchilla silver, the fur is tipped with black.
The fur on the chest, tummy, chin and ear tufts is lighter than the undercoat.
The nose is rose-colored.
The eye rims, nose and lips are outlined in black
The paw pads are black.

Blue Chinchilla Golden:

This coloring is similar to the chinchilla golden coloring, with the following differences.
The undercoat is described as ranging from ivory to pale honey.
The tipping on the fur is blue.
The coloring of the ear tufts, chin, chest, tummy and underside of the tail are the same as the rest of the undercoat.
There may also be some blue tipping on the legs and tail.
The nose is rose-colored.
The eye rims, nose and lips are outlined in blue.
The paw pads are either rose or blue.

Движения

Accurate.

Размер

Weight — 4-7 kg.

Характер

Chinchillas are generally very placid, quiet cats, happy to lie around the home being decorative. They are affectionate, enjoy attention and can become quite attached to their owners.

Chinchillas are ideally suited to flats or houses as many prefer to spend much of their day inside. The long white coat does shed a lot of hair which will become worse when the winter coat is dropping. While daily brushing will reduce the amount of hair shed, it will still cover clothes and furniture.

Содержание и уход

If you love the look of a Chinchilla, but are not prepared to put in the work maintaining its coat, then think twice before buying. Chinchillas are a high maintenance animal, the coat sheds heavily and requires brushing daily to prevent knotting and matting. Bathing at least once a month is also highly recommended. Cats and water don’t normally go well together, so introduce the kitten at a young age, about 6 weeks. If a Chinchilla’s coat is left unattended, apart from looking unsightly and difficult to brush later, the matting can cause the animal discomfort and pain. Heavily knotted coats can often require clipping, and as this attention is often resented by the cat, this may need to be done under general anesthetic by a veterinary surgeon. During routine grooming particular attention should be paid to those areas where fur may rub, especially under the tail, belly and underarm

Lifespan — 12-15 years.

Достоинства

Best with older children, good with other household pets, medium shedding, medium sociability with stranger.

Сложность содержания

Chinchillas are a high maintenance animal, the coat sheds heavily and requires brushing daily to prevent knotting and matting.

Болезни

The long coat may also predispose the cat to other health concerns. Furballs, common amongst longhaired breeds, are best avoided by routinely supplementing the meal with a very small quantity of cooking oil or margarine; no more than five millilitres. The long hair surrounding the eyes can also trap foreign matter which may cause irritation. This area should be wiped with a soft, clean cloth. The shortened face can also lead to blocked tear ducts, which can only be corrected with veterinary attention. Longhaired cats are prone to polycystic kidney disease though responsible breeders are now testing for this condition. Severely affected kittens will usually not survive more than several weeks whilst chronic sufferers will also eventually succumb to the disease.

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