Animals / Cats

Javanese cat

Классификация по федерациям

Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation

История возникновения

The Javanese is a longhaired variety of Siamese dressed in Colorpoint colors. He was developed from a foundation of Siamese, Colorpoint and Balinese cats. The cats do not actually come from Java but were whimsically given the name because Java is a sister island to Bali, which was a nice touch, given the breed’s relationship to the Balinese (which does not come from Bali, by the way). At first, the Cat Fanciers Association categorized the Javanese as a distinct breed, separated from the Balinese by color, but in 2008 the Javanese was declared a division of the Balinese breed. The International Cat Association also considers the Javanese a variety of Balinese and places both in its Siamese grouping of breeds. The Javanese may be outcrossed to the Balinese, Siamese, Colorpoint Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.

Общий вид

The ideal Balinese is a svelte cat with long tapering lines, very lithe but strong and muscular. The Balinese is unique with its distinct range of colors and silky coat that hides a supple and athletic body. A study of contradictions - elegant refinement, in reality firm and muscular. Excellent physical condition. Neither flabby nor bony. Not fat. Eyes clear. Balance is critical, all parts should come together in a harmonious whole, with neither too much nor too little consideration given to any one feature. Because of the longer coat the Balinese appears to have softer lines and less extreme type than their shorthaired parent breeds of similar body type.

Голова

Head: long, tapering wedge. Medium size in good proportion to body. The total wedge starts at the nose and flares out in straight lines to the tips of the ears forming a triangle, with no break at the whiskers. No less than the width of an eye between the eyes. When the whiskers and face hair are smoothed back, the underlying bone structure is apparent. Allowance must be made for jowls in the stud cat.

Skull: flat. In profile, a long straight line should be felt from the top of the head to the tip of the nose. No bulge over the eyes. No dip in nose.

Ears: strikingly large, pointed, wide at base, continuing the lines of the wedge.

Eyes: almond shaped. Medium size. Neither protruding nor recessed. Slanted towards the nose in harmony with lines of wedge and ears. Uncrossed.

Nose: long and straight. A continuation of the forehead with no break.

Muzzle: fine, wedge-shaped.

Chin and jaw: medium size. Tip of chin lines up with tip of nose in the same vertical plane. Neither receding nor excessively massive.

Туловище

Body: medium size. Graceful, long, and svelte. A distinctive combination of fine bones and firm muscles. Shoulders and hips continue same sleek lines of tubular body. Hips never wider than shoulders. Abdomen tight. The male may be somewhat larger than the female.

Neck: long and slender.

Лапы

Legs: bone structure long and slim. Hind legs higher than front. In good proportion to body.

Paws: dainty, small, and oval. Toes: five in front and four behind.

Хвост

Tail: bone structure long, thin, tapering to a fine point. Tail hair spreads out like a plume.

Шерсть

Coat: medium length, longest on the tail. Fine, silky without downy undercoat lying close to the body, the coat may appear shorter than it is.

Colour: Body: even, with subtle shading when allowed. Allowance should be made for darker color in older cats as Balinese generally darken with age, but there must be definite contrast between body color and points. Points: mask, ears, legs, feet, tail dense and clearly defined. All of the same shade. Mask covers entire face including whisker pads and is connected to ears by tracings. Mask should not extend over top of head. No ticking or white hairs in points. Eye color: deep vivid blue.

Движения

Graceful and free.

Размер

Weight — 2.5-5 kg.

Характер

The Siamese and the Javanese might differ in coat length and color, but beneath the skin they are identical. Javanese are extremely fond of their people. They like to be “helpful” and will follow you around and supervise your every move. When you are sitting down, a Javanese will be in your lap, and at night he will be in bed with you, probably under the covers with his head on the pillow. He is frequently underfoot, so he might not be the best choice for people who are unsteady on their feet or use a walker or cane.

A Javanese is perhaps not quite as loud as his relative the Siamese, but he is most definitely just as  opinionated. He will tell you exactly what he thinks, and he expects you to pay attention and act on his advice. You can also count on him to “tell all” to visitors, so be grateful that most people are not conversant in the Javanese language.

The Javanese is highly intelligent, agile and athletic, and loves to play. Keep his busy brain active with puzzle toys and his body exercised with teaser toys that he can chase and a big cat tree he can climb. He likes to play fetch, is willing to walk on a leash, and learns tricks easily. He is also a good trainer himself and may be running your household before you know it. Never leave him without any form of entertainment, or you will likely come home to find that he has reprogrammed your DVR to record only nature shows or at the very least decided that your toilet paper rolls and tissue boxes look better empty.

Do not get a Javanese if living with a chatty busybody would drive you insane. On the other hand, if you enjoy having someone to talk to throughout the day, the Javanese can be your best friend. Just be sure you have time to spend with this demanding and social cat. Javanese don’t mind staying home during the day while you go off to earn money to buy cat food, but they will expect you to devote time to them when you are at home. It can be smart to get two of them so they can keep each other company.

Choose a Javanese if you look forward to spending time with and interacting with your cat. This is a loyal and loving feline who will pout and pine if given little or no attention. In the right home, however, he thrives for years.

Содержание и уход

The fine, silky coat of the Javanese is easily cared for. Comb it once or twice a week with a stainless steel comb to remove dead hair.  A bath is rarely necessary.

Brush the teeth to prevent periodontal disease. Daily dental hygiene is best, but weekly brushing is better than nothing. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a soft, damp cloth to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the cloth for each eye so you don’t run the risk of spreading any infection. Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or soft damp cloth moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warm water. Avoid using cotton swabs, which can damage the interior of the ear.

Keep the litter box spotlessly clean. Like all cats, Javanese are very particular about bathroom hygiene.

It’s a good idea to keep a Javanese as an indoor-only cat to protect him from diseases spread by other cats, attacks by dogs or coyotes, and the other dangers that face cats who go outdoors, such as being hit by a car. Javanese who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it.

Lifespan — 10-15 years.

Достоинства

Best with older children, good with household cats and dogs, medium shedding, high sociability with strangers.

Сложность содержания

The breed is easy going and may be kept and bred without any problems.

Болезни

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. The same problems that may affect the Siamese can also affect the Javanese, including the following:

Amyloidosis, a disease that occurs when a type of protein called amyloid is deposited in body organs, primarily the liver in members of the Siamese family

Asthma/bronchial disease

Congenital heart defects such as aortic stenosis

Crossed eyes

Gastrointestinal conditions such as megaesophagus

Hyperesthesia syndrome, a neurological problem that can cause cats to excessively groom themselves, leading to hair loss, and to act frantically, especially when they are touched or petted

Lymphoma

Nystagmus, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary rapid eye movement

Progressive retinal atrophy, for which a genetic test is available

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