Animals / Cats

Munchkin

Классификация по федерациям

Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation World Cat Federation

История возникновения

The Munchkin is not a new mutation. Short-legged cats have been recorded throughout the years and around the globe. In a British veterinary report in 1944, Dr. H E Williams-Jones described four generations of short-legged cats including an 8 year old black female that had extremely healthy life. The report stated that her dam, grand-dam and progeny all were similar and the only difference between them and normal cats were the short legs. This line disappeared during WWII. The trait was also seen in Stalingrad in 1956, in New England in 1970 and Louisiana in the 1980s. In 1983 Sandra Hockenedel found a pregnant short-legged female that became the foundation for the breed we call the Munchkin. Sandra named the cat Blackberry. She gave a male, Toulouse, from one of Blackberry's litters to her friend Kay LaFrance and it is from these two cats that the breed was established using domestic cats as an outcross to ensure a diverse gene pool.

TICA accepted the Munchkin into its New Breed development program in September 1994. The program tracks the pedigrees of cats used to create the new breeds and monitors the breeding statistics as the breed develops under the oversight of the Genetics committee. The breeding data showed that the short legs in the cat followed a dominant pattern of inheritance like that in the Corgi and the Dachshund. After years of development and observation, the Munchkin achieved TICA Championship status effective May 2003.

Общий вид

The racy, low-slung Munchkin is built for speed and agility. To appreciate these bundles of energy, one has to know one. They have lots of energy and great cornering speed-just like the sleek race cars they resemble-and tend to stay low to the ground although they are perfectly capable of jumping. They are a cat that provokes a reaction because of their short legs-those that do not know the cats in person see only a handicap whereas those that know them have come to love the bundle of joy that sees no limits. Badgers, ferrets, otters, raccoons, and squirrels are just a few of the animals in the wild that have short legs to help them survive-some are diggers, some are climbers and, in the case of otters, some are swimmers, but their short legs have evolved to help their survival skills. Dachshunds, Bassetts, and Corgis are a few of the dog breeds developed with short legs for specific purposes-Bassets are scent hounds and short legs put them closer to the scent while Corgis are herding dogs that need to turn on a dime, with rapid twists and turns to herd the animals in their charge. Munchkins are the same as every other cat-except they have short legs, speed & exceptional cornering skills, and a great deal of love to offer their devoted owners.

Голова

Shape: modified wedge with rounded contours, in proportion with body. High, defined cheekbones. (Males can appear larger than females).

Ears: in proportion with head, broader at base, ending in slightly rounded tips. Placed as much on top of the head as on the sides; not flaring; alert Furnishings: Lynx tips are acceptable on Longhair cats only.

Eyes: walnut shaped. Spaced rather wide apart giving an open and alert expression, and at a slight angle toward the base of the ears. No relationship between coat and eye color.

Chin: firm, but not overly prominent. (Aligns with nose).

Muzzle: moderate with gentle contours in proportion with head. Prominent whisker pads are acceptable.

Nose: medium in length; slight bump is acceptable.

Profile: slight stop. Forehead is flat.

Туловище

Neck: firm musculature on males, slightly less on females.

Torso: thick semi-foreign body, not compact. Back gently slopes upwards from shoulders to tail. Well-rounded chest and firm hips. Females generally smaller/lighter than males. Angulated shoulder blades are acceptable.

Boning: medium, without undue bulk.

Musculature: firmly developed muscular strength, not bulky feeling on females.

Лапы

Legs: short, set evenly apart when viewed from front or back. Upper and lower forelegs equal in length. Hind Legs: Thigh and lower leg approximately equal in length. Back legs slightly longer than front legs is acceptable.

Feet: round, compact in proportion with body. All four feet pointed directly straight forward, not inward or outward.

Хвост

Tail: carried erect when in motion, tapering to a rounded tip. Not overly thick. Length of the body.

Шерсть

Length (MK): medium to short. Solids may have a less dense coat.

Length (MKL): semi-long.

Texture(MK): semi-plush, allweather, resilient, with medium undercoat and lustrous appearance.

Texture (MKL): flowing and silky, allweather, with moderate and medium undercoat. Slight to moderate ruff permissible. Britches are shaggy, tail has full plume.

Движения

Graceful.

Размер

Weight — 3-6 kg.

Характер

These sociable cats are extremely playful and love to run, chase an play with toys. They love company including children, dogs and other pets, leading them a merry chase as they zoom by in their games. Munchkins are extremely curious and will sit up on their hind legs like a rabbit to get a better view of something that has caught their attention. These self-assured cats leave no stone unturned or corner unexplored. They may not jump from the floor to the top of the bookcase in a single bound but they will show off their jumping prowess and intelligence as they find a path that takes them there in smaller steps. Once you know them, these lovable little cats capture your heart forever.

Содержание и уход

Munchkin cats usually have a short coat that provides an easy grooming experience for the owner. Just use a brush every week to softly go through the fur keeping them unmated and soft and shiny. They do tend to shed but it not too noticeable as say a Persian cat! They are one of the easiest breeds to groom besides a Siamese or a Rex.

These cats will eat anything you give them, of course as long as it is safe for cats! Just test the waters with these cats as they will find their favorite food through selecting what it is best. Try dry food and wet food, although wet food is more high vitamins that the Munchkin definitely needs to intake. So try a variety of foods and see which ones fits best for your little tyke.

Munchkin cats need a lot of action to keep up with their tiny bodies. They should actually get daily walks like a dog! This will keep up to their body weight resting on their itty bitty legs. They love to play and even catch, so having fun with them in the back yard is also an option you should consider for when they need some good old fashioned exercise. If they become lazy, that is when you need to fully implement the work routine into their system so they will actually want to go outside and wait by the door!

Munchkin cats need a lot of love and comfort. They enjoy the company of people and will act more cuddly and wanting then being independent. If you want to care for one, be sure you keep this notion in mind, they love and adore every second of a human and need that kind of atmosphere of warmth and tenderness. It sounds cheesy, but these cats are one of the most clinging kitties around.  

Lifespan — 12-15 years.

Достоинства

Good with children, good with household cats and dogs, medium shedding, high sociability with strangers.

Сложность содержания

The breed is easy going and may be kept and bred without any problems.

Болезни

All cats have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Run, don’t walk, from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee on kittens or who tells you that her kittens are isolated from the main part of the household for health reasons.

Munchkins are generally healthy and do not appear to have spinal problems, but this is a young breed, so that could change. It’s always wise to purchase a cat from a breeder who offers a written health guarantee.

Remember that after you’ve taken a new kitten into your home, you have the power to protect him from one of the more common health problems: obesity. Keeping a Munchkin at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to protect his overall health.

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