Animals / Cats

LaPerm

Классификация по федерациям

Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation World Cat Federation

История возникновения

When a brown tabby barn cat named Speedy produced a litter of kittens in The Dalles, Oregon, in 1982, one of them was bald, with tabby markings on her skin, and big ears that were spaced wide apart. She looked like a little alien from outer space. When her coat began to develop, she looked even more different: it was curly. And that was the name she was given by owner Linda Koehl.

Curly eventually produced her own kittens by various males in the area, including a Siamese and a Manx. All of her kittens shared their mother’s curly coat, the result of a dominant mutation.

Geneticists determined that the cats were distinct from the other rex, or curly-coated, breeds such as the Selkirk Rex, which first appeared in Montana in 1987, or the Devon and Cornish Rexes, which originated in Great Britain.

Eventually, status as a breed was sought for the curly-coated cats. They were given the name LaPerm and achieved recognition from The International Cat Association in 2002. The Cat Fanciers Association also recognizes the breed. To maintain their genetic diversity, LaPerms are outcrossed to non-pedigreed domestic shorthairs and longhairs.

Общий вид

The LaPerm is a naturally occurring mutation producing both long and shorthaired cats. It is medium sized, curly coated with moderate type. All coat colors and eye colors are acceptable. All parts of the body are in harmony with the size of the cat. There is evidence of surprising weight for size. The cat is alert and seems to be walking tall on his feet. Females are generally smaller than males. This breed matures in 2-3 years, with the females maturing sooner than the males. Allowances are to be made for age and sex

Голова

Head: the skull is a modified wedge, slightly rounded with gentle contours. Whisker pads should appear full and rounded, with long, flexible whiskers.

Muzzle: broad with rounded contours and moderate to strong whisker pinch. Chin strong and firm presenting a perpendicular line down from the tip of the nose. Allowances should be made for jowls on mature males.

Profile: slight dip to nose just below bottom of eye, then continuing straight to tip of nose. Dip must be felt for, as it can appear straight. Forehead should be a flat plane to the top of the head, then smooth gentle curve back over top of head flowing into neck.

Ears: placed to continue the modified wedge of the head, slightly flared and cupped, medium to large. Full furnishings and earmuffs with lynx tipping is preferred on longhair variety but not required on the shorthair variety.

Eyes: medium large and expressive, almond in shape at rest and rounder when alert. Set moderately far apart and slightly slanted toward base of ear. Eye color has no relation to coat color.

Neck: carried erect, medium long in length in proportion to body.

Туловище

Body: moderate in size with medium fine to medium boning. Hips are slightly higher than shoulders. Allowances are made for larger sizes in males, as long as they remain balanced and in proportion.

Лапы

Legs and feet: medium long to match body length.

Хвост

Tail: in proportion to body, tapering from base to tip.

Шерсть

Coatlonghair: Texture and length: semi-longhair, both males and females may have ruff on neck at maturity. The coat should be free of matting, so it should not be too thick and heavy. The tail is plumed with some curling. The coat is springy, light and airy. The feel may vary among individual cats and/or color. Curl or waviness: curly or wavy, curl is preferred. The coat should be loose and bouncy and should stand away from the body, a coat you can run your fingers through to the skin. The coat is light and airy enough to part with a breath. The coat will have an almost unkempt appearance (the “Gypsy Shag” look). Tightest curls are in the ruff and the base of the ears; longest curls are in the ruff, base of the ears, and at the base of the tail. The coat may vary in length and fullness according to the season and maturity of the cat. At times this coat will part naturally down the middle of the back.

Coatshorthair: Texture and length: short to approximately medium-long. The tail lis not plumed but hair may be wavy. The coat is springy, light and airy. The texture may be harder than longhair and will vary among individual cats and/or colors. The coat will stand away from the body with waves over most of the cat. Curl or waviness: curly or wavy. Is not required to have a ruff, ringlets or earmuffs. The tail will be like a bottlebrush. At times this coat will part naturally down the middle of the back.

Движения

Graceful and unpredictable.

Размер

Weight — 3-6 kg.

Характер

The clever LaPerm has a sense of humor. Often described as clownish, he is something of a mischief-maker who makes talented use of his paws to open doors, swipe things he wants or tap you on the shoulder for attention. He’s not clingy, but he likes to be with you and will follow you around, sit on your shoulder or the top of your computer, or sit in your lap, whichever option is most convenient for him. He is moderately active and enjoys retrieving items that are thrown for him.

Despite his reputation for getting into things, the LaPerm is pleasant to live with. He rarely uses his voice, and he is affectionate, gentle and patient with his people. Most are also welcoming to visitors as long as they were well socialized as kittens.

 

Содержание и уход

The LaPerm’s unusual coat is easy to care for and usually doesn’t mat or tangle if it is combed or brushed one to three times a week. Longer coats should be groomed more frequently. Use a comb with revolving teeth for best results. It will go through the coat easily without straightening the curls. To keep the cat looking his curly best, mist the coat with a little water or fluff it with damp hands to set the curls.

The coat sheds little, and shedding is further reduced with regular brushing. If small mats develop, brush them out gently with a slicker brush or greyhound comb (stainless steel with narrow teeth at one end and wider teeth at the other end).

If you give the LaPerm a bath, press a towel against the coat to soak up moisture and then let him air dry in a warm, draft-free spot. Using a blow dryer will give him a bad case of the frizzies.

Brush the teeth to prevent periodontal disease. Daily dental hygiene is best, but weekly brushing is better than nothing. Trim the nails weekly. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a soft, damp cloth to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the cloth for each eye so you don’t run the risk of spreading any infection.

Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or soft damp cloth moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warm water. Avoid using cotton swabs, which can damage the interior of the ear.

Keep the litter box spotlessly clean. Cats are very particular about bathroom hygiene.

It’s a good idea to keep a LaPerm as an indoor-only cat to protect him from diseases spread by other cats, attacks by dogs or coyotes, and the other dangers that face cats who go outdoors, such as being hit by a car. LaPerms who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such an unusual cat without paying for it.

Lifespan — 10-15 years.

Достоинства

Good with children, good with household cats and dogs, medium shedding, high sociability with strangers.

Сложность содержания

The breed is easy going and may be kept and bred without any problems.

Болезни

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. La Perms are generally healthy, however.
 

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