Animals / Cats

Kurilian Bobtail

Классификация по федерациям

Federation Internationale Feline World Cat Federation World Cat Federation

История возникновения

The Kurilian Bobtail is a natural breed of cat tracing its origins to the Russian Island of Sakhalin and to the Kuril Islands, an archipelago of approximately 56 volcanic islands, stretching 700 miles between the Russian peninsula of Kamchatka and the Japanese island Hokkaido, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific Ocean. It is documented in Russia that cats with short tails have been on the islands for at least 200 years and were brought back to central Russia in the middle of the 20th century by members of the military or scientists. Because of their natural instinct for hunting they are popular as a domesticated feline in Russia for their mousing abilities. While popular in Europe because of their laid back temperament, they are still unknown in the North America, with less than 100 of the breed in the United States. The Kurilian Bobtail was accepted to Championship status by TICA in 2012.

Общий вид

The Kurilian Bobtail is a strong cat with a wild appearance, medium to large in size, brawny with strong substantial boning, but despite the Kurilian Bobtails looks they are very gentle. It is one of the thirteen natural breeds of cat recognized by TICA. They have excellent health and a very well balanced character with a trusting and outgoing personality. They adore their people and love to be caressed. They are very active and seek the highest point in the house to survey all that may be going on around them. The Kurilian Bobtail can be short haired or semi-long haired.

Голова

Shape: large, moderate modified wedge with rounded contours, wide at the cheekbone level.

Eyes: walnut, oval on top and round on bottom. Set on slight angle between base of ear and tip of nose. one eye width apart, moderately large. Color to be clear, brilliant, no relation to coat color. White cats, vans and harlequins can have blue or odd eyes.

Ears: medium-sized, wide at the base, slightly sloped forward. Distance between the ears is equal to the width at the base of the ear. Ears are triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the tips. Light to medium furnishings.

Muzzle: rectangular muzzle, wider than long, slightly rounded with an obvious whisker break.

Chin: well-developed wide chin. A bit rounded in profile. Nose: Medium in length, broad and straight.

Profile: flat to ever-so-slightly rounded forehead with a very slight dip at the eyes and a straight nose.

Туловище

Torso: medium to large, compact, semi-cobby. Chest is broad. Back may be slightly arched, rump slightly raised. Females may be noticeably smaller than males.

Boning: substantial.

Musculature: well-muscled and firm.

Лапы

Legs: legs medium in length, substantial. Hind legs are longer than front. Legs almost form a square with the body.

Feet: rounded paws.

Хвост

Tail: composed of one or more kinks or curves or any combination thereof, appearing as a pom-pom or brush. VISIBLE tail length with the coat is from 1.5 cm to 8 cm [.59-3.15 inches] for the shorthair and up to 13 cm [5.12 inches] for the semilonghair. May be rigid or flexible or a combination of both (part rigid, part flexible). Size and shape of the tail should harmonize with the common appearance of the cat. When palpated, the tail consists of at least 2 vertebrae, with at least one kink or curve or any amount of combinations thereof. Palpated length of the tail is from 1.5 cm to 8 cm [.59-3.15 inches], counting length of kinks and curves. The tail can be described as “snag”, “spiral” or “whisk”

Шерсть

Length:

(KB): Short. Tail coat, same length as body coat.

(KBL): Semi-long. Britches, toe tufts and ruff are desirable. Tail coat: full and plumed.

Texture:

(KB): Soft, silky, laying flat, resilient without a plush dense feel, moderate undercoat.

(KBL): Fine, silky, laying flat, moderate undercoat.

Colour: All traditional colors accepted. Any amount of white is allowed, including but not limited to: blaze, lockets, chest, belly or paws on any accepted coat color.

Движения

Dexterous and graceful.

Размер

Weight — 12-15 kg.

Характер

The character of the Kurilian Bobtail is independent, highly intelligent, clever, inquisitive, sociable, playful, trainable, absent of aggression and very gentle. They are devoted to their humans and when allowed are either on the lap of or sleeping in bed with their owners. They adapt well to other cats, children, dogs and other household pets. They are excellent jumpers and are inclined to survey their domain from the highest point available to them. Highly intelligent they need to be shown or told only once what they are allowed or what is forbidden, but it is up to the individual cat to carry out their own will according to their mood.

Содержание и уход

The double coat of Kurilians is soft, silky, and pleasant to the touch. It is not prone to matting, but occasional grooming is recommended anyway. Longhair Kurilians should be brushed at least two times a week. They have longer hair at the cheeks and back, and a distinct neck ruff.

Lifespan — 15-20 years.

Достоинства

Good with children, good with household cats and dogs, medium shedding, high sociability with strangers.

Сложность содержания

The breed is easy going and may be kept and bred without any problems.

Болезни

Kurilian Bobtails have naturally excellent health. Unlike the Manx, the tailless gene of Kurilians does not cause any breed-specific diseases.

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