Animals / Cats

Scottish Straight

Классификация по федерациям

История возникновения

The first Scottish Fold, found in 1961 by shepherd William Ross, was a barn cat named Susie who lived in Scotland. Folds have since developed into a round and beautiful family lap cat with wonderful temperaments. Susie was a solid white longhaired female and the cat fanciers bred her to various breeds like Persians, American Shorthairs, Exotic Shorthairs and even Burmese to achieve the round sweet look of the Scottish Folds we have grown to love today. Every Scottish Fold alive today can trace his or her ancestry back to the original Susie. Today TICA Scottish Fold breeders are allowed to use Scottish Straights (the straight eared siblings of Scottish Folds) the British Shorthair and the American Shorthair in their breeding programs.

Общий вид

The Scottish Fold occurred as a spontaneous mutation in farm cats in Scotland. All bona-fide Scottish trace their pedigree to Susie, the first fold-ear cat discovered by the founders of the breed, William and Mary Ross. The Breed was subsequently established by outcrosses to both pedigreed breeds and domestic cats in the United States. One word can describe the Scottish and that is ROUND in every sense of the word. Round head, body, eyes, and feet. The Scottish Fold is best known for its distinctive ears and large, round eyes, which give it a sweet, open expression. They retain a "kittenish" expression their entire life. The shorthair is medium in size with a plush, dense coat. The longhair has the same standard as the Shorthair Fold/Straight with the exception of the coat, which is semi-long and stands away from the body. However, the longhair gives the breed a somewhat softer overall look. The Scottish Straight is identical with the same sweet open expression but with straight ears.

Голова

Shape: well rounded. Prominent cheeks with a jowly appearance. Overall look should have a sweet, open expression. Should be round from any angle.

Ears: folded forward and downward. Small, tightly folded ear preferred. The ears should be set in a cap-like fashion to expose a rounded cranium, not set high on the head. Size of ear is not as important as ear set and fold. Ear tips to be rounded.

Straight: size is medium to small with rounded tips. The set is the same wide set to show a rounded top head.

Eyes: wide open, large and round with sweet expression. Eye color to conform to coat color.

Chin: should be moderate.

Muzzle: moderate wide muzzle to have well-rounded whisker pads.

Nose: broad and short.

Profile: gentle curve, brief stop is permitted.

Туловище

Neck: head should blend into a short neck.

Torso: body should be medium and well rounded. Should be even from shoulder to pelvic girdle.

Boning: edium boning.

Musculature: the Scottish should have a firm, muscular body, no sign of softness or flabbiness should be present.

Лапы

Legs: length in proportion to body. Cat should stand firmly and show no signs of weakness or lack of mobility in the hindquarters.

Feet: toes to be neat and well rounded.

Хвост

Must show normal flexibility and be in proportion to the body.

Шерсть

Length:

SCS: should be short, double coat preferred. Should not lie flat to the body.

SCL: Semi-long. Toe tufts and ear furnishings should be clearly visible. Ruff and britches desirable.

Texture:

SCS: should be plush, dense and resilient.

SCL: should be soft and stand away from the body.

Colour: all traditional and pointed colors accepted.

Движения

Graceful.

Размер

Weight — 5-7 kg.

Характер

Scottish Folds/Straights are intelligent, inquisitive, and are loyal to their family. They tend not to hide around the house or be shy, but rather they will always be around, even following you from room to room. Most tend to be one of the breeds that breeders and judges refer to as “four on the floor” kitties as they prefer to be close to you but with all four feet on something firm and without being picked up and carried around. Some learn cute antics like how to open cabinet doors and take a look inside and they can even be trained to play fetch. Most love to drink from running water, and some eat and drink with their paws. Most folded eared cats in this breed group sit up like prairie dogs to have a look around when they hear something. One of the cutest things is to see a Fold sitting up, relaxing like a human which many Fold breeders refer to as "the Buddha sit"...they look like they need a remote control and a lounge chair! This breed tends to be somewhat laid back and quiet and they get along well with both children and, once properly introduced, other family pets as well. Scottish Folds/Straights today are carefully bred by experienced breeders to produce healthy happy kittens for you to enjoy for a lifetime.

Содержание и уход

Comb the Scottish Straight’s coat weekly to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. A longhaired Straights may need to be groomed a couple of times a week to ensure that tangles don’t develop.

Brush the teeth to prevent periodontal disease. Daily dental hygiene is best, but weekly brushing is better than nothing. Trim the nails every couple of weeks. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a soft, damp cloth to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the cloth for each eye so you don’t run the risk of spreading any infection. Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or soft damp cloth moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warm water. Avoid using cotton swabs, which can damage the interior of the ear.

Keep the Scottish Straight's litter box spotlessly clean. Cats are very particular about bathroom hygiene, and a clean litter box will help to keep the coat clean as well.

It’s a good idea to keep a Scottish Straight as an indoor-only cat to protect him from diseases spread by other cats, attacks by dogs or coyotes, and the other dangers that face cats who go outdoors, such as being hit by a car. Scottish Straights who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it.

Lifespan — 12-14 years.

Достоинства

Can stay alone for a long time.

Good with other animals and children.

Сложность содержания

Comb the Scottish Straight’s coat weekly to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. A longhaired Straights may need to be groomed a couple of times a week to ensure that tangles don’t develop.

Болезни

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. A typical lifespan is 15 years. Problems that may affect the Scottish Straight include the following:

Degenerative joint disease, especially in the tail but also in the ankle and knee joints, causing pain or poor mobility. It’s important to handle the tail carefully if it has developed stiffness.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a form of heart disease, has been seen in the breed, but it has not yet been proven to be a heritable form of the disease.

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