Animals / Birds

Bluethroat

Синонимы

Варакушка (ру.)

Blaukehlchen (de.)

Pechiazul (es.)

Классификация

Order — Passeriformes.

Family — Muscicapidae.

Genus — Luscinia.

Species — Luscinia svecica.

Ареал

Occurs widely across Europe, Asia and in some parts of North America. Main breeding grounds found in Scandinavia, Russia, Siberia, some parts of west and central Europe, to the Himalayas. Migratory species, overwintering in Africa, Europe, mainly Portugal, the United Arab Emirates, and in some parts of Asia. Spends winters mostly on salt marshes, or around the edges of reed beds.

Внешний вид

Length: 11-14 cm (4.5-5.5 in).

Wingspan: 23 cm.

Weight: 23 g (0.8 oz).

Striking blue bib with rust-brown central spot.

Bands across breast are black and brown-orange.

Eyebrow thick and white.

Flight is swift, deliberate direct, on rapidly beating wings.

Color Primary: White, Brown, Gray.

Underparts: White with rufous and black bibs on breast.

Upperparts: Brown.

Back Pattern: Solid.

Belly Pattern: Solid.

Breast Pattern: Barred or banded.

Eye Color: Dark brown in juveniles; Hazel brown or dark brown in adults.

Head pattern: Unique pattern, Eyebrow.

Crown Color: Brown.

Forehead Color: Brown with white eyebrow.

Nape Color: Gray-brown.

Throat Color: Blue throat with rufous central spot.

Flight Pattern: Rather swift deliberate direct flight on rapidly beating wings.

Wing Shape: Pointed-Wings.

Tail shape: Rounded Tail.

Tail Pattern: Solid with bright rufous patch on base of tail.

Upper Tail: Brown with red-brown margins on coverts.

Under Tail: Red-brown.

Leg Color: Brown-black.

Характер
Кормление

Eats mostly insects, small snails, earthworms, seeds, and some berries; forages on the ground or in low bushes.

Особенности

As Siberian populations have increased with the recent warming trend, this species has been able to spread across the Bering Strait into Alaska.

The Bluethroat was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher. It, and similar small European species, are often called chats.

They were discovered on June 5, 1851 by Edward Adams, a surgeon and naturalist aboard the British ship Enterprise. He was traveling overland from Norton Sound to the Koupac River in northwestern Alaska.

A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

Болезни

Salmonella, Trichomoniasis, Aspergillosis, Avian pox, Mites and Lice, Lyme Disease.

Разведение

Four to seven light blue or green eggs with brown specks are laid in a nest made of grass, inner bark, roots, and moss, lined with finer materials, and built atop a grassy tussock or in a shallow hole. Female incubates eggs for about 14 days.

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