Animals / Birds

Budgerigar

Синонимы

Волнистый попугай (ру.)

Budgie, common pet parakeet, shell parakeet, canary parrot, flight bird, love bird, scallop parrot, zebra parrot and warbling grass parakeet (en.)

Wellensittich (de.)

French: Perruche ondulée (fr.)

Periquito común (es.)

Классификация

Order — Psittaciformes.

Family — Psittaculidae.

Subfamily — Loriinae.

Tribe  Melopsittacini.

Genus — Melopsittacus.

Species — Melopsittacus undulatus.

Ареал

Budgerigars are the only species in the Australian genus Melopsittacus, and are found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia where the species has survived harsh inland conditions for the last five million years.

Внешний вид

Length: 18 cm.

Weight: 30-40 g.

Body colour is green.

Back and wing covers are black edged in yellow.

Forehead is a streamlined shape.

Head is yellow. It has black stripes called bars. These bars become the same colour as the head as the budgie gets older.

Each cheek has a small dark purple patch (cheek patches) and a series of three black spots called the mask.  This mask is from one side of their neck to the other.

Beak is strong with olive colour.

Budgies do not have any teeth.

Body feathers are smooth and waterproof. Fluffy down feathers help to keep the bird warm.

Tail is long. It is used for balance.

A budgie lands on a branch to rest. Each blueish-grey leg has four claws with zygodactyl toes. Two claws face forwards and two face backwards to give the bird a strong grip. They can even perch upside down!

The colour of the cere (the area containing the nostrils) differs between the sexes: Male is royal blue, Female is pale-brown to white (non-breeding) or brown (breeding).

The cere has two small holes, but they have a poor sense of smell and taste.

Характер

The Budgies are friendly, cheerful companions for all age groups, and are particularly suitable for flats and other situations where a larger pet may not be practicable. Basically, gentle and docile bird, Budgies are very easy to tame if acquired at a young age. They are also very playful and active, and quieter than some other parrots although some of them can still be noisy.

Кормление

Budgerigars are primarily vegetarians, although they often eat insects in the wild. In captivity, there are many ways to provide a budgerigar with a balanced diet (vegetables, grains, legumes and nuts, hazardous foods) . To be extra safe, however, you should always keep a mineral block in your budgie’s cage. It will make up for anything that his regular diet may be lacking.

Особенности

Not all Budgerigars are easily tamed. But once tamed, the budgerigar can be taught to talk, but only in "parrot-fashion."

Some Budgies may be sensitive while others might get into mischief at every opportunity.

Well-trained Budgies are a delight in your life but stubborn ones can wreak disaster.

Some Budgies are stubborn by nature while others are very sweet.

Болезни

If you’re thinking about adopting a budgie, you need to be completely aware of how a healthy one looks and behaves. A healthy budgie preens and grooms regularly. He has a good appetite and is as active as can be. His beak is firm and intact, and his cere is waxy. Droppings should be firm, and they should harden up quickly. A healthy budgie has plenty of feathers, strong claws and unblemished feet.

It’s important to be on the lookout for the common signs of ill health in a budgerigar. An excessive loss of feathers can be a big red flag. Other warning signs include encrusted feet, mites in the feathers around the beak and the cere, a crusty cere, an overgrown or under-grown beak, spiky head feathers and runny droppings. If a budgie keeps his beak wide open while breathing, it could be a sign of a serious health problem.

Like any other animal, budgerigars occasionally suffer from various ailments. In the very beginning of life, some immature budgies suffer from a condition called “splay legs,” which is characterized by one leg that is permanently bent outward. This prevents a bird from standing properly and can affect his ability to reproduce and compete for food. Fortunately, it’s easy to ward off this issue. It’s usually caused by nest boxes with slick floors that cause young birds to slip and slide. Shavings or bedding can prevent this problem and keep splay legs at bay.

There are many budgie or parakeet ailments. A few of the most common ones are Bumblefoot, Scaly Face and Scaly Legs, Tumor, Polyomavirus, Psittacosis, French Molt, Feather Plucking, Goiter.

Разведение

In general, budgerigars are opportunistic breeders, which means that they breed when they have reliable access to grass seeds and other foods. Therefore, parakeets often breed in the wild following long periods of rain. In northern Australia, they commonly breed between June and September; in southern Australia, they commonly breed between August and June. These periods of time coincide with wet times of the year when food sources are ample and reliable.

Budgies are monogamous. They usually stick with one partner for life. Partners show affection to each other by preening and feeding one another. Female budgies can lay eggs without partners, but they are unfertilized and don’t hatch. When she’s ready to lay eggs, a female budgie’s cere becomes crusty and brown. These birds don’t build nests, and females lay their eggs inside trees, logs and posts.

Budgie eggs have a plain, white color and are usually between one and two centimeters in length. There are usually four to six eggs, and females lay one egg every two days or so. As a result, eggs hatch at staggered times as well. The eggs have to be incubated for 18 to 21 days, and the age difference between the first hatchling and the last one can range from nine to 16 days. While incubating her eggs, the female budgerigar only leaves for very brief intervals. Her mate usually brings her food and feeds it to her by eating it first and regurgitating it into her mouth.

Breeding problems are rate in the budgie world, but they do happen. Females often fight over nest boxes. Due to insecurity, female budgies sometimes eat their own eggs. From time to time, male budgies have no interest in female budgies; this problem usually happens when birds are unable to live in a flock setting.

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