Animals / Birds

Chaffinch

Синонимы

Зяблик (ру.)

Common chaffinch (en.)

Buchfink (de.)

Pinzón vulgar (es.)

Классификация

Order — Passeriformes.

Family — Fringillidae.

Subfamily — Fringillinae.

Genus — Fringilla.

Species — Fringilla coelebs.

Ареал

The chaffinch breeds in much of Europe, across Asia to Siberia and in northwest Africa. It prefers open woodland and often forages on the ground.

Внешний вид

Length: 14.5 cm (6").

Wingspan: 24.5-28.5 cm (10-11½").

Weight: 18-29 g (¾-1 oz).

The Chaffinch is our commonest finch and has striking double white wing bars.

Wing bars are formed by white patches on the wing coverts, and primary and secondary wing feathers.

Its summer plumage is brighter that its winter plumage.

The male:

Breast and cheeks are pink.

Crown and nape are blue-grey.

Back is chestnut brown.

Bill is grey-blue in summer, turning to pale brown in the winter.

The female:

Back is olive-brown.

Underparts are grey-brown, becoming almost white towards the rump, which is greenish.

The juveniles are similar to the female but lack the greenish rump. The bill is brown in both the female and juveniles.

Характер

Chaffinches are very mobile, clever and fervent birdies, but they like fighting with each other. In habitat males quite often fight in order to defend the territory or to protect a nest with little birds from tiresome neighbors. When male hears the song of another chaffinch he at once rushes to fight.

Кормление

Chaffinches usually feed on seeds and insects, like caterpillars, during the breeding season.

In the garden, they tend to forage on the ground for spilt seed (sunflower seeds and hearts) from the hanging feeders.

Особенности
Болезни

Stress: the most common cause of feather loss in finches is stress.

Eye Problems / Conjunctivitis: Herpes virus infection; Mycoplasmal Conjunctivitis or Blepharitis.

Parasites. Iodine deficiency. Scaly Face Mites. Scaly Legs.

Разведение

Chaffinches first breed when they are one year old. They are mainly monogamous and the pair-bond for residential subspecies such as gengleri sometimes persists from one year to the next. The date for breeding is dependent on the spring temperature and is earlier in southwest Europe and later in the northeast. In Britain most clutches are laid between late April and the middle of June. A male attracts a female to his territory through song.

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