Lories and lorikeets
Order — Psittaciformes.
Family — Psittaculidae.
Subfamily — Loriinae.
Tribe — Loriini.
Species — Black lory, Chalcopsitta atra; Brown lory, Chalcopsitta duivenbodei (also called Duyvenbode's lory); Yellowish-streaked lory, Chalcopsitta sintillata; Cardinal lory, Chalcopsitta cardinalis; Black-winged lory, Eos cyanogenia; Violet-necked lory, Eos squamata; Blue-streaked lory, Eos reticulata; Red-and-blue lory, Eos histrio; Red lory, Eos bornea; Blue-eared lory, Eos semilarvata; Dusky lory, Pseudeos fuscata; Ornate lorikeet, Trichoglossus ornatus (also called ornate lory); Sunset lorikeet, Trichoglossus forsteni (also called scarlet-breasted lorikeet); Leaf lorikeet, Trichoglossus weberi (also called Flores lorikeet); Marigold lorikeet, Trichoglossus capestratus; Coconut lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus; Biak lorikeet, Trichoglossus rosenbergi; Rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus moluccanus; Red-collared lorikeet, Trichoglossus rubritorquis; Olive-headed lorikeet, Trichoglossus euteles (also called Perfect lorikeet); Citrine lorikeet, Trichoglossus flavoviridis; Mindanao lorikeet, Trichoglossus johnstoniae (also called Johnstone's lorikeet); Pohnpei lorikeet, Trichoglossus rubiginosus (also called Ponape lory); Scaly-breasted lorikeet, Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus; Varied lorikeet, Psitteuteles versicolor; Iris lorikeet, Psitteuteles iris; Goldie's lorikeet, Psitteuteles goldiei; Purple-bellied lory, Lorius hypoinochrous; Black-capped lory, Lorius lory (synonym Stresemann's lory, Lorius amabilis); White-naped lory, Lorius albidinuchus; Yellow-bibbed lory, Lorius chlorocercus; Purple-naped lory, Lorius domicellus (synonym blue-thighed lory, Lorius tibialis); Chattering lory, Lorius garrulus; Collared lory, Phigys solitarius; Blue-crowned lorikeet, Vini australis; Kuhl's lorikeet, Vini kuhlii; Stephen's lorikeet, Vini stepheni; Blue lorikeet, Vini peruviana; Ultramarine lorikeet, Vini ultramarina; Sinoto's lorikeet, Vini sinotoi (extinct); Conquered lorikeet, Vini vidivici (extinct); Musk lorikeet, Glossopsitta concinna; Little lorikeet, Glossopsitta pusilla; Purple-crowned lorikeet, Glossopsitta porphyrocephala; Palm lorikeet, Charmosyna palmarum; Red-chinned lorikeet, Charmosyna rubrigularis; Meek's lorikeet, Charmosyna meeki; Blue-fronted lorikeet, Charmosyna toxopei; Striated lorikeet, Charmosyna multistriata; Pygmy lorikeet, Charmosyna wilhelminae (also called Wilhelmina's lorikeet); Red-fronted lorikeet, Charmosyna rubronotata (also called red-spotted lorikeet); Red-flanked lorikeet, Charmosyna placentis; New Caledonian lorikeet, Charmosyna diadema; Red-throated lorikeet, Charmosyna amabilis; Duchess lorikeet, Charmosyna margarethae; Fairy lorikeet, Charmosyna pulchella; Josephine's lorikeet, Charmosyna josefinae (also called Josephine's lory); Papuan lorikeet, Charmosyna papou (also called Papuan lory); Plum-faced lorikeet, Oreopsittacus arfaki (also called Whiskered lorikeet); Yellow-billed lorikeet, Neopsittacus musschenbroekii (also called Musschenbroek's lorikeet); Orange-billed lorikeet, Neopsittacus pullicauda (also called Emerald lorikeet).
Lories and lorikeets are native to Australasia.
Length: 6-15 in (15-38 cm).
Weight: 0.7-10 oz (20-280 g).
In general, these are slender parrots.
Tails: species with longer tapering tails are generally referred to as "lorikeets" and those with short, rounded or square tails as "lories."
Size: lories tend to be bigger in size than lorikeets.
Plumage: most lories are red with patches of yellow, purple, and green. Most lorikeets are green with patches of red and yellow. There are some exceptions to this rule.
The lory personality is intense, in general. This is not a shy species. The rainbow lory is bubbly and enthusiastic, the “coach” of the bird world, encouraging play whenever its favorite human is around. These birds are constantly busy and lively, allowing little time for rest. Their antics are extremely entertaining for most people, but they can become a little much for someone that’s used to a more laid-back companion.
Lories consume a mostly liquid diet. This means that they have mainly liquid poop, which they love to shoot great distances.
“Lory” and “lorikeet” is subjective. Species with longer tapering tails are generally referred to as “lorikeets,” while species with short blunt tails are generally referred to as “lories,” which is similar to saying “parakeet” (small parrot with long tail feathers) instead of “parrot.
Because their diet of nectar and fruit is highly perishable, bacterial infection associated with food spoilage is a concern with lories. A lory’s liquid food must be changed and replenished often, especially in warm weather, when the rich food rapidly becomes infected with bacteria. Fruit will spoil too if it’s left for even a few hours in the cage. This can cause infections of the crop and even general toxicity. A rainbow lory can live 20 to 30 years, but it is the lucky and unusual lory that makes it that long. There is a common myth that lories don’t need water. This is untrue and should be dispelled immediately.
Lories are susceptible to hemochromatosis, or iron storage disease, a metabolic disorder that causes a large amount of iron to accumulate in the lory’s body tissue, which can be fatal. Hemochromatosis in lories might be due to heredity disease and/or diet related. Check with your avian veterinarian for guidance when it comes to the best diet for your lory.
Like many parrots, lories and lorikeets usually stay with one partner and may breed at any time of year, though in southern Australia, the breeding season is between August and January. Nest sites are high above the ground in the hollows of trees, which the birds layer with a covering of decayed wood. The female and male often roost together, but only the female sits on her two small, white eggs. The male helps feed the chicks, which hatch with eyes closed and no feathers. The chicks slowly grow plumage and are able to fly after seven to eight weeks.