Animals / Amphibians

The Chinese Warty Newt

Синонимы и названия на других языках

Chinesischer Warzenmolch (German)

 

Классификация

Order: caudate

Family: salamandridae

Genus: paramesotriton

Species: paramesotriton chinensis

Ареал

The Chinese warty newt is common in southern provinces of China. It can be found subtropical and tropical rainforests in valleys and in the hills. 

Внешний вид

Adult newts reach the length of about 15 cm. Males a slightly shorter than females.

They have powerful and slightly flattened bodies. The tail is about the same length as the body; its tip is flattened on the sides. Chinese warty newts have well-developed keels: along the spine and on both sides.  The legs are strong and toes are not webbed. The skin is warty, hence the name.

These newts are brownish and have small red or yellow spots on the belly and on the legs. On the lower part of the tail there is a red stripe. 

Характер

Chinese warty newts are quite aggressive, so it is recommended to keep them alone or in harems in very large tanks. They are territorial, and in the wild they keep at least 1 m away from each other. But despite such behavior, during mating season they flock together looking for partners. Males fight and females do that too, in order to protect the best places for egg-laying. 

Содержание и уход

Chinese warty newts are kept in tanks with the water at least 20 cm deep and logs that come out above the surface so that the amphibians can climb on them and rest. For substrate you can use sand or small gravel. The water temperature should be between 20 and 22 degrees. Warmer water stresses newts. You will have to install a filter and an aerator. 

Кормление

In captivity Chinese warty newts are fed with worms and insects’ larvae (bloodworm, sludge worm, smaller earthworms etc.).

Особенности

These newts are usually quite aggressive. 

Болезни

Newts are very sensitive to the environment, like all amphibians, and get ill mostly due to improper husbandry. If you buy a wild-caught newt, it will be particularly prone to diseases because of stress and bad conditions under shipment. Remember that all the new amphibians have to be isolated for at least 2 weeks, even if they look absolutely healthy.

Average life span under proper care is 5-7 years. 

Разведение

Observations in captivity have indicated that Chinese warty newts are aggressive in the breeding season, when they live in water. This behavior possibly serves to defend a territory. Eggs are laid singly between leaves. The same leaves may be used to attach several eggs to. Tadpoles are completely black, including the gills. 

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